25 Pitaya species are known, but they can be divided mainly into two groups: red dragon and yellow dragon fruit. The yellow one has a white flesh with small black seeds. Red variety can be white and red on the inside and is less tasty.
In both varieties, the flesh is translucent and dense with edible seeds. The red variant is also called the dragon fruit because of its special shape that looks like the head of a dragon.
Red Dragon Fruit is native to Peru. Countries like Colombia, Ecuador, some countries of the Asian continent (like Vietnam) and Israel spread the cultivation of this fruit. The name “Pitahaya” comes from the Haitian dialect and means “thorny fruit”.